Guangzhou Baiyun busiest airport in the world in 2020
ACI World today released the COVID-19 impacted world traffic rankings for 2020, the global pandemic ensuring that it has a very different look to normal, with Guangzhou Baiyun (CAN) in China replacing Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta (ATL) as the busiest gateway on the planet.
Guangzhou Baiyun took top spot by handling 43.7 million passengers in 2020, just under 850,000 more than ATL, and six other Chinese airports also appear in the Top 10, many for the first time, including Chengdu Shuangliu, Shenzhen Bao’an, Kunming, Shanghai Hongqiao and Xi’an Xianyang.
ACI World’s preliminary world airport traffic rankings show that global passenger traffic at the world’s top 10 busiest airports decreased by -45.7% in 2020.
Overall, passenger traffic at the world’s airports decreased by -64.6%, clearly demonstrating the huge negative impact of the pandemic and the early stages of recovery in air travel has not been uniform around the world.
In most cases for the world’s Top 10 busiest airports in 2020, domestic air travel is beginning a modest rebound while international air travel remains depressed because of on-going travel restrictions.
For example, Hongqiao International Airport in China has moved from 46th position in 2019 to the 9th in 2020, illustrating the uneven nature of the impact of, and recovery from, the pandemic across the world.
“The impact of the COVID-19 on global passenger traffic pandemic brought aviation to a virtual standstill in 2020 and we continue to face an existential threat,” noted ACI World director general, Luis Felipe de Oliveira.
“The data published today reveals the challenge airports continue to face and it remains imperative that the industry is supported through direct support and sensible policy decisions from governments to ensure that aviation can endure, rebuild connectivity, and fuel a global economic recovery.
“The findings show that the impact remains uneven with different regions experiencing different challenges and requiring different policy decisions and support from governments to lay the foundation for recovery.
“With some positive signs of recovery, especially in countries with high rates of vaccination, a sustained global recovery will only be realised with an escalation of vaccination campaigns, the continued development of digital health passes, and co-ordinated and cohesive policy support from governments.”
Air cargo was less impacted by COVID 19, with volumes decreasing by only -8.9%, to an estimated 109 million tonnes in 2020, equivalent to 2016 levels.
Air cargo volumes in the top 10 airports grew by +3% in 2020. These airports represent around 28% (30.6 million tonnes) of the global volumes in 2020.
The gain can be attributed to the increase in demand for online consumer goods and pharmaceutical products and personal protective equipment.
With a +6.7% increase, Memphis International Airport surpassed Hong Kong International Airport.
ACI World estimates that there were 58 million global aircraft movements in 2020, representing a drop of -43% from 2019. The top 10 airports represent 7% of global traffic (4.2 million movements) and experienced a drop of -34.3% compared to 2019.
Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport surpassed Chicago O’Hare International Airport, after leading in 2019 and 2018.
For airports, revenues are tightly correlated to traffic levels but, like many other capital-intensive businesses, a large proportion of airport costs remain largely fixed and do not fall at the same level as traffic throughput and revenues during the crisis.
Even with reduced operations, ACI World notes, the closure of terminals and staff layoffs, this imbalance remains.
“There is no denying the current economic realities – and the financial shortfall they create – that airports face,” warned de Oliveira.
“Airports are economic generators, bringing socio-economic benefits and jobs to the communities they serve, and governments need to provide the necessary financial alleviation and assistance to suit local circumstances.
“Airport operators also continue to work closely with their airline partners and other stakeholders balancing the current market realities with the cost of providing the infrastructure as they navigate the crisis together.”